Atlantikwall WWII Bunkers

The Atlantic Wall was a 5300km long German defense line built between 1942-1944. This defense line ran along the coast of the North Cape to the French-Spanish coast. The defense consisted of various types of bunker, radar sites, spotlights and FLAK guns, and was intended to keep the Allies from the European continent.
On December 14th 1941, the Fuhrer Adolf Hitler ordered the German construction group "Organisation Todt" for building the Atlantic Wall. "Organisation Todt" was responsible for building theorems. The "OT" was led by Ir. Fritz Todt

4. Marine- FLAK- Regiment / Marine FLAK Abteilung 246

4. Marine- FLAK- Regiment
was formed in Emden, Germany at March 1942
Marine FLAK Abteilung 246
Kapitänleutnants Gade, (Aug 1940 - Nov 1940)
KorvettenKapitän M.A. Albert Schlze, (Nov. 1940 - Mar. 25th 1941)
KorvettenKapitän M.A. Helmut Klett, (Mar. 25th 1941 - Jan. 25th 1945) also Inselkommandant
KorvettenKapitän M.A. Paul Oelmann, (Jan. 25th 1945 - to Surrender )
Abteilung Formed
was formed in Harlingen at November 01 1940, and had the command over Stabsbatterie:

             1./ Schwere Batterie              

             2./ Schwere Batterie              

             3./ Batterie der Marine FLAK abteilung 246 (M.Fl.A. 246) Vlieland-West              

             4./ Batterie der Marine FLAK abteilung 246 (M.Fl.A. 246) Vlieland-Ost              

             5./ Batterie der Marine FLAK abteilung 246 (M.Fl.A. 246) West-Terschelling              

             6./ Batterie der Marine FLAK abteilung 246 (M.Fl.A. 246) Ost-Terschelling              

             7./ Batterie der Marine FLAK abteilung 246 (M.Fl.A. 246) Ameland              

             Leichter FLAKzug Harlingen              

             Leichter FLAKzug Lemmer              

             Leichter FLAKzug Groningen              

West-Batterie, Stützpunkt Grüppe STP VI ML

The 'Schwere Marine FLAK batterie' was manned by about 175 soldiers of the "5./ Batterie Marine FLAK abteilung 246", under the direct command of,
"Marine abteilung 246" in Harlingen. At STP VI were four heavy 10.5cm FLAK SKC/32, three times 2cm FLAK and twice 3.7cm FLAK guns present.
There were about 16 soldiers of the 7 / LN RGT.201 stationed.

ST L-480 Unterstand für "Wasserman-S" (Beton 1890m3)

No.1 - Entrance
No.2 - Gas lock
No.3 - Proximity defense
No.4 - Space for parts
No.5 - Storage + emergency toilet
No.6 - Fuelspace
No.7 - Space for the emergency generator
No.8 - Machine shop
No.9 - Pedestal for the Wasserman-S

Remains of one of the four 10.5cm FLAK-bed (FL243A Schwere FLAK stellung uhne bereidschafts-raum)

The 'undercarriage' of the long range Wasserman-S (Schwere) radar with the target alltitude; 50-6000m, Range 35-190Km

Searchlight Bunker

Stellung, Stützpunkt Grüppe STP IV H

Margot Stellung, Stützpunkt Grüppe STP III HM

From the bike path you can see the infantry living bunkers clear, on the left side there is an trench that you bring on to the light FLAK guns. The trenches connected several structures with brick walls and concrete roof. In the walls of the trenches were several niches present. Some parts of the trenches have disappeared under sand and a single stage finishes tens of centimeters above the current ground level.

At the top of the dune is a light Flak gun instalation. From this location you can see the bunker of the "Freya" ground-based radar (FuMG 39G) with an antenna of 8 meters high and six meters wide which aircraft 80 km (8000 m) to 25 km (50 m) could perceive. At the end of 1943 they built 2 Marine Seetakt Wurzburg radar. The radar was manned by the kriegsmarine, and was commanded by the Marineabteilung 246 located in Harlingen

Ost-Batterie, Stützpunkt Grüppe STP

The 'Ost Marine FLAK batterie' was manned by soldiers of the "6.Batterie Marine FLAK abteilung 246", also under the direct command of,
"Marine abteilung 246" in Harlingen. At the "Ost-batterie" were about 60 bunkers, foxholes and four 8.8cm FLAK guns and later 10.5cm FLAK guns.
At pole 17 and pole 18 were floodlights were present and listening devices.

Northern searchlight position "Ost-Batterie" searchlight remise with adjusting space and readyroom.
The searchlight was in the bunker / remise, through a concrete path could be the searchlight platform to drive where
the searchlight in the dark could sustain the artillery. On both sides of the "OST-Batterie" was a searchlight position.

Abbreviations -
FLAK Flug of Fliegerabwehrkanone Flight of antiaircraft gun
Küver bunker Küsten Verteidigungsbunker Coasts Defense Bunker
ST Standig mit Eisenstahlbeton With iron steel reinforced concrete

PREVIOUS <<<<<< Tiger stellung at Terschelling

Credits: P.R.Kroese, www.626-squadron.co.uk, www and others who wants to stay anonymous.

All right reserved © 2006-2015 P.R.Kroese